Mathematical models for erosion and the optimal transportation of sediment
Journal article, 2013
We investigate a mathematical theory for the erosion of sediment which begins with the study of a non-linear, parabolic, weighted 4-Laplace equation on a rectangular domain corresponding to a base segment of an extended landscape. Imposing natural boundary conditions, we show that the equation admits entropy solutions and prove regularity and uniqueness of weak solutions when they exist. We then investigate a particular class of weak solutions studied in previous work of the first author and produce numerical simulations of these solutions. After introducing an optimal transportation problem for the sediment flow, we show that this class of weak solutions implements the optimal transportation of the sediment.
fluvial land surface
optimal mass reallocation
nonlinear parabolic equation