Stability of thick two-component galactic discs
Journal article, 1992
The thickness scales and the local parameters relevant to both the equilibrium and stability of two-component galactic disks are studied. The results obtained, as regards the vertical structure at equilibrium of two-component galactic disks, are used to investigate their local linear stability properties. Under reasonable assumptions, finite-thickness corrections to the local dispersion relation can be expressed in terms of two reduction factors weakening the response of the two components or, equivalently, lowering their equilibrium surface densities. An ansatz for such reduction factors, justified by extending the analysis performed for one-component purely stellar disks, is made, and the corresponding two-fluid marginal stability curve is studied in standard star-dominated and peculiar gas-dominated regimes. It is found that the stabilizing role of finite-thickness effects can partially counterbalance the destabilizing role of the cold interstellar gas in linear regimes.