Nanocoatings for SOFC interconnects - Mitigating chromium volatilization and improving corrosion properties
Paper in proceedings, 2011
Two important degradation mechanisms in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) are directly related to the metallic interconnects. The formation of volatile chromium oxides from metallic interconnects commonly causes fast degradation in cell performance due to poisoning the cathode. Secondly is the ability of the metallic interconnect to form a thin protective oxide one of the most important lifetime limiting factors for SOFC. Chromium volatilization of various uncoated steels is studied as a function of temperature by a recently developed denuder technique which allows time resolved quantification of volatile chromium species. The inhibition of Cr evaporation by Co thin film coatings (800nm) is investigated; it will be shown that these coatings are more effective than much thicker ceramic coatings that are commonly used for this purpose. In order to increase the lifetime of the metallic components in SOFC nano-coatings of reactive elements (RE) have been investigated as well. The application of such coatings can reduce the corrosion rates substantially and thus increase the lifetime of the fuel cell stack. It will be shown that it is possible to combine the positive effects of RE with the beneficial effects of a Co coating and thus to obtain an interconnect material with low Cr evaporation and increased oxidation resistance.