Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: How individual movement patterns affect battery requirements, the potential to replace conventional fuels, and economic viability
Journal article, 2015

Using GPS data logged for a representative sample of individual vehicles in private use, we assess the viability of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in Sweden for a wide range of techno-economic conditions. We determine requirements for PHEVs with the aid of a simple parameterization used to analyze the GPS data covering number of trips, driving distance per trip, and parking times, logged for 30 days or longer, for 432 conventional Swedish cars. Good opportunities for charging and regular distances traveled between rechargings increase the potential for battery-powered driving and, along with a high annual mileage, enhance the viability of the PHEV. Therefore, commuters are likely to be the first drivers for whom the PHEV will be cost-effective. Making charging infrastructure available at work places would enhance the opportunity for this group of early adopters, as we show that charging while at work is comparable at the-initial stage to halving the marginal battery costs for the average commuter.

Battery size


Individual movement pattern

PHEV viability

PHEV potential


Lars Henrik Björnsson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Sten Karlsson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Applied Energy

0306-2619 (ISSN) 18729118 (eISSN)

Vol. 143 336-347

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Building Futures (2010-2018)


Subject Categories

Vehicle Engineering

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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