Überatlas: Robust Speed-Up of Feature-Based Registration and Multi-Atlas Segmentation
Paper in proceedings, 2015
Registration is a key component in multi-atlas approaches to medical image segmentation. Current state of the art uses intensitybased registration methods, but such methods tend to be slow, which sets practical limitations on the size of the atlas set. In this paper, a novel feature-based registration method for affine registration is presented. The algorithm constructs an abstract representation of the entire atlas set, an uberatlas, through clustering of features that are similar and detected consistently through the atlas set. This is done offline. At runtime only the feature clusters are matched to the target image, simultaneously yielding robust correspondences to all atlases in the atlas set from which the affine transformations can be estimated efficiently. The method is evaluated on 20 CT images of the heart and 30 MR images of the brain with corresponding gold standards. Our approach succeeds in producing better and more robust segmentation results compared to two baseline methods, one intensity-based and one feature-based, and significantly reduces the running times.