A multi-site kinetic model for NH3-SCR over Cu/SSZ-13
Journal article, 2015
In this study, we have developed a kinetic model for ammonia-SCR over a well-characterized Cu/SSZ-13 catalyst. It was found that a three-site model was needed in order to describe the ammonia temperature programmed desorption (TPD) with adsorption at 50 and 150 degrees C as well as ammonia oxidation, and NH3-SCR up to 600 degrees C. Based on literature studies, where detailed characterization of Cu/SSZ-13 have been conducted using several experimental techniques', we suggest the following physical interpretation of the S1 and S2 sites in the model. The S1 sites are associated with copper located in a six-membered ring, possibly slightly distorted due to interactions with-water and ammonia while, the S2 sites represent copper in the large cages or CuxOy species. In addition, ammonia is also stored on Bronsted acid sites, but in order not to complicate the model further, it was lumped together in the S1 and S2 sites. Finally, S3 sites have been added in order to describe the large amount of physisorbed ammonia at low temperature. This three-site model was capable of adequately describing the ammonia TPD experiments with the initial temperature of 50 and 150 degrees C. The heats of adsorption of ammonia on the Si and S2 sites were determined using micro-calorimeter experiments. Further, the main SCR reaction in the model occurs on S1 sites and the main ammonia oxidation reaction on S2 sites. However, due to the complex behavior associated with ammonia oxidation, where the conversion slightly decreased when the temperature was increased from 350 to 400 degrees C, an ammonia oxidation reaction occurring at low temperature with low rate needed to be introduced on S1. In a similar way, an added step was needed for ammonia-SCR on S2, which occurred at high temperature where the ammonia coverage on Si was low resulting in low conversion. To summarize, the-three-site model developed was capable of well describing the ammonia storage and release, ammonia oxidation as well as SCR and N2O formation across a broad temperature interval (100-600 degrees C).