Development of a combined mean value-zero dimensional model and application for a large marine four-stroke Diesel engine simulation
Journal article, 2015

In this paper, a combined mean value–zero dimensional model is developed using a modular approach in the computational environment of Matlab/Simulink. According to that, only the closed cycle of one engine cylinder is modelled by following the zero-dimensional approach, whereas the cylinder open cycle as well as the other engine components are modelled according to the mean value concept. The proposed model combines the advantages of the mean value and zero-dimensional models allowing for the calculation of engine performance parameters including the in-cylinder ones in relatively short execution time and therefore, it can be used in cases where the mean value model exceeds its limitations. A large marine four-stroke Diesel engine steady state operation at constant speed was simulated and the results were validated against the engine shop trials data. The model provided results comparable to the respective ones obtained by using a mean value model. Then, a number of simulation runs were performed, so that the mapping of the brake specific fuel consumption for the whole operating envelope was derived. In addition, runs with varying turbocharger turbine geometric area were carried out and the influence of variable turbine geometry on the engine performance was evaluated. Finally, the developed model was used to investigated the propulsion system behaviour of a handymax size product carrier for constant and variable engine speed operation. The results are presented and discussed enlightening the most efficient strategies for the ship operation and quantifying the expected fuel savings.

marine engine modelling engine parameters mapping

combined mean value-zero dimensional model

variable turbine geometry.


Francesco Baldi

Chalmers, Shipping and Marine Technology, Maritime Environmental Sciences

Karin Andersson

Chalmers, Shipping and Marine Technology, Maritime Environmental Sciences

Gerasimos Theotokatos

University of Glasgow

Applied Energy

0306-2619 (ISSN) 18729118 (eISSN)

Vol. 154 402-415

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance



Subject Categories

Energy Engineering



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