Experimental Study of Spectral Properties of a Frenkel-Kontorova System
Journal article, 2015
We report on microwave emission from linear parallel arrays of underdamped Josephson junctions, which are described by the Frenkel-Kontorova (FK) model. Electromagnetic radiation is detected from the arrays when biased on current singularities (steps) appearing at voltages V-n = Phi(0) (n (c) over bar /L) , where Phi(0) = 2.07 x 10(-15) Wb is the magnetic flux quantum, and (c) over bar, L, and n are, respectively, the speed of light in the transmission line embedding the array, L its physical length, and n an integer. The radiation, detected at fundamental frequency (c) over bar /2L when biased on different singularities, indicates shuttling of bunched 2 pi kinks (magnetic flux quanta). Resonance of flux-quanta motion with the small-amplitude oscillations induced in the arrays gives rise to fine structures in the radiation spectrum, which are interpreted on the basis of the FK model describing the resonance. The impact of our results on design and performances of new digital circuit families is discussed.