Is unbleached cotton better than bleached? Exploring the limits of life cycle assessment in the textile sector
Journal article, 2015

The applicability of life-cycle assessment (LCA) for the textile industry is discussed with a special focus on environmental impact from chemicals. Together with issues of water depletion and energy use, the use of chemicals and their emissions are important environmental considerations for textile products. However, accounting for chemicals is a weak point in LCA methodology and practice. Two research questions were investigated in a case study of hospital garments: 1) whether LCA adds value to assessments of the chemical performance of textile products, and 2) whether inclusion of toxicity issues in LCA affects environmental performance rankings for textile products. It is concluded that the quantitative and holistic tool LCA is useful for environmental decision makers in the textile industry, and becomes more effective when chemical impacts are included. A flexible way forward is demonstrated to meet the challenge of accounting for chemicals in LCAs of textile products.


Sandra Roos

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Environmental Science

S Posner


C Jönsson


Gregory Peters

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Environmental Science

Clothing and Textiles Research Journal

0887-302X (ISSN)

Vol. 33 4 231-247

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Environmental Engineering

Other Chemistry Topics

Environmental Sciences



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