Reduction of Physical Effects during Reactivity Tests in Fluidized Bed
Journal article, 2006

The role of transport effects in experiments on the gasification reactivity of biomass char, conducted in a 26-mm-diameter bench-scale fluidized bed (FB) reactor, is analyzed. Gasification rates of char were measured at various particle sizes, CO2 partial pressures, temperatures, and initial char batches. A dedicated methodology enables evaluation of the transport effects from gas measurements. The separate contributions of fluid-dynamics, external film, and porous diffusional resistances in a typical FB char gasification test are addressed. An optimal adjustment of the operating conditions of the FB is proposed to reduce mass-transport effects as much as possible. When transport effects cannot be completely eliminated, this work shows how to treat the data to obtain an average reactivity that is useful for reactor simulations.

Biomass char

Fluidized bed

Gasification reactivity


Alberto Gómez-Barea

University of Seville

Bo G Leckner

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Pedro Ollero

University of Seville

Custodia Fernández-Baco

University of Seville

Luis Salvador

University of Seville

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

0888-5885 (ISSN) 1520-5045 (eISSN)

Vol. 45 21 7344-7350

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Chemical Engineering



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