Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to determine toxic gases in fires with lithium-ion batteries
Journal article, 2016

Batteries, in particular lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, are seen as an alternative to fossil fuels in the automotive sector. Li-ion batteries, however, have some safety issues including possible emissions of toxic fluorine-containing compounds during fire and other abuse situations. This paper demonstrates the possibilities to use the Fourier transform infrared technique to assess some of the most important compounds, including hydrogen fluoride and the far less often measured POF3 and PF5. The study is conducted in the cone calorimeter with different solvents used in Li-ion batteries. The measurements show that, in addition to hydrogen fluoride, with a known high toxicity, POF3 is emitted and can be quantified using Fourier transform infrared.



Fire emissions



Li-ion batteries



Petra Andersson

SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut AB

P. Blomqvist

SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut AB

Anders Lorén

SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut AB

Carl Fredrik Larsson

Chalmers, Physics, Subatomic and Plasma Physics

Fire and Materials

0308-0501 (ISSN) 1099-1018 (eISSN)

Vol. 40 8 999-1015

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