Spin-Triplet Superconducting Current in Metal-Oxide Heterostructures With Composite Ferromagnetic Interlayer
Journal article, 2016
Superconducting heterostructures fabricated from oxide superconductor YBa2Cu2O7-delta and a composite ferromagnet La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/SrRuO3 interlayer and Au/Nb counter electrode were studied experimentally. Superconducting current was observed at magnetic field H raised up to 2000 Oe, which is greater than saturation magnetic field of manganite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (of order 100 Oe) and greater by a few orders than the value of magnetic field corresponding to penetration of one magnetic flux quantum. Microwave measurements of integer and half-integer Shapiro steps in conditions when relatively low external magnetic fieldH < 30 Oe was applied showed that the second harmonic in the current-phase relation of superconducting current becomes as big as the first harmonic. Fourier analysis of I-C(H) dependence allows extracting the components of fractional periods in I-C(H) function that also confirms a deviation from the sinusoidal current-phase relation. The obtained experimental data are explained by theoretical models that predict a huge enhancement of the second harmonic of the spin-triplet component in the superconducting current. The current-phase relation could be controlled by an external magnetic field, changing the directions of magnetization in the composite bilayer ferromagnet, which is inserted between two spin-singlet superconductors.
long-range proximity effect