Modal-Based Design of a Wideband Quadruple-Ridged Flared Horn Antenna
Journal article, 2016
In this paper, a systematic design technique for quadruple-ridged flared horn antennas is presented, to enhance the radiation properties through the profiling of the ridge taper. The technique relies on control of the cutoff frequencies of specific modes inside the horn, instead of brute-force optimization. This is used to design a prototype antenna as a feed for an offset Gregorian reflector system, such as considered for the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) radio telescope, to achieve an optimized aperture efficiency from 2 to 12 GHz. The antenna is employed with a quadraxial feeding network that allows the excitation of the fundamental TE11 mode, while suppressing all other modes that causes phase errors in the aperture. Measured results confirm the validity of this approach, where good agreement is found with the simulated results.
ultra wideband antenna
Reflector antenna feed