The role of fuel volatiles for the emission of nitrogen oxides from fluidized bed boilers—A comparison between designs
Paper in proceedings, 1991
The nitrogen oxides formed during fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels orginate from fuel nitrogen in both char and volatiles. In the course of combustion these fuel constituents not only contribute to the production but also take part in the reduction of the emission.
In order to study the role of the nitrogen-containing volatiles for the production and reduction of nitrogen oxides in fluidized bed boilers a series of tests has been carried out with fuels having different contents of volatiles in a range from anthracite to wood in two types of boiler, a circulating and a stationary fluidized bed boiler.
It was found that the different designs of boilers result in different behaviours of the nitrogen-containing volatiles. In stationary fluidized bed boilers the volatiles tend to reduce the emissions of NO comparable to what takes place in a pulverized coal flame, whereas in circulating fluidized bed boilers the volatiles do not have the same beneficial effect. In circulating fluidized bed boilers the emission of NO tends to increase with an increasing content of volatiles in the fuel, whereas the emission decreases from the stationarry fluidized bed type of boiler burning fuels with a larger amount of volatiles
Fluidized bed combustion