N2O-Emissions from Fluidized Bed Combustion
Conference contribution, 1988
Nitrous oxide, N20, is formed during combustion. In flames the N20 is removed because of the fast destruction at high temperatures. At the temperatures of fluidized bed combustion the destruction is much slower and N20 will leave the system, normally at a concentration of 50-200 ppm when burning coal. Using the results of the preliminary model in a CFB, it can be assumed that:
- N20 is formed from char nitrogen in the bottom bed because of reactions in the pores of the particle.
- Only some N20 is formed when NO is reduced during its journey up through the combustion chamber.
- N20 is formed from HCN. This is a slow process (taking seconds) and it therefore takes place principally above the bottom bed.
fluidized bed combustion