Swedish grouting design: hydraulic testing and grout selection
Journal article, 2016
© 2016, Thomas Telford Services Ltd. All rights reserved. To ensure successful sealing of rock and soil, an adequate description of the system to be grouted is required as a basis for the grouting design and the selection of the grouting material. In rock, the individual fractures and the hydraulic apertures of these fractures form the basis of the Swedish grouting design concept. The hydraulic aperture is a key parameter when describing grouting behaviour and it is used to determine the extent to which the grout can enter fractures - that is, the penetrability. The hydraulic aperture also determines the penetration length, and therefore the grout parameters (e.g. yield stress and viscosity) as well as the grouting pressure and time needed to be adopted to the hydraulic aperture. Once these parameters are chosen, a suitable grouting technique can be adopted. Simple, practical rock and grout tests are important inputs to ensure correct design and performance. The aim of this paper is to present a testing procedure and provide examples from laboratory and field experience to demonstrate that the approach also works in practice.