Nonlinear speed and yaw control for wind turbine powered vessels
Journal article, 2016
The application of conventional wind turbines on board a vessel creates a number of new challenges for turbine control systems. Thrust force is used in marine applications as an additional control variable for propulsion of the vessel.
Variability of the wind speed and wind direction, together with the yaw rate and range constraints, impose strong requirements on the turbine control system. A new projection algorithm that projects the turbine thrust force on the heading direction of vessel is proposed in this paper for controlling propulsion. Variations in the wind direction and wind speed are counteracted via turbine yaw angle, making the turbine thrust force always aligned with the heading direction of the vessel. The conventional Kv2 speed controller is modified for varying yaw offset and a combined algorithm for simultaneous control of the turbine speed and thrust force is proposed. Stability of the Kw^2 speed controller for varying yaw offset is proved via the Lyapunov method. The controller also takes into account the constraints on the yaw rate and minimizes the turbine gyroscopic effects via a proper choice of the virtual upper bound of the input voltage of the yaw motor. All of the results are illustrated by simulations using measurement data acquired from the Hönö turbine.
minimization of turbine gyroscopic effects
nonlinear yaw control with bounded input
thrust force as propulsion
Lyapunov stability of Kw^2 speed controller with varying yaw offset
Wind turbine on vessel