Regimes of large-scale fluidized beds for solid fuel conversion
Journal article, 2017

The description of the fluidization behavior of Group B particles is ambiguous at high velocities in wide vessels like those in commercial solid-fuel converters, such as boiler furnaces and gasifiers. Bubbling, turbulent, and fast-fluidization regimes are analyzed here, especially related to fuel converters. It is claimed that the bottom bed in fluidized-bed boilers is operated in a bubbling regime of fluidization even at high gas velocities accompa- nied by a tall splash zone, as long as there is sufficient bed material in the system. It is also shown that the upper part of conventional circulating fluidized-bed boilers operates in a dilute-flow mode. In denser flows, a compar- ison between transport velocity and terminal velocity indicates that clustering flow is much stronger for Group A particles than for Group B, and hence, fast fluidization should be less developed for Group B than for Group A par- ticles. The in fluence of temperature is also shown.


Solid fuel

Fluidization regime


Circulating fluidized bed


Bo G Leckner

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Powder Technology

0032-5910 (ISSN)

Vol. 308 362-367

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Areas of Advance



Chalmers Power Central



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