Introduction to Array Processing
Book chapter, 2014
The purpose of this chapter is to give some background material on array signal processing, which serves as a more detailed introduction to the remaining chapters. The ideal data model is introduced and its properties are explored, with a special emphasis on the array response. The general concepts of beamforming and direction-of-arrival estimation are introduced, and exemplified by some well-known techniques. Although the focus is on traditional applications involving an array of coherent sensors, we also present some extensions to non-coherent and/or distributed sensors.