Ammonia formation from nitric oxide over Pd-based catalysts in multicomponent feed gas compositions
Journal article, 2017

Using multicomponent gas feeds, the formation of ammonia from nitric oxide over Pd/Al2O3 and Pd/Ce/Al2O3 model catalysts was compared to that of a commercially-available three-way catalyst. Steady- state oxygen-sweep experiments show that the highest activity for ammonia formation is obtained over the Pd/Ce/Al2O3 catalyst whilst the lowest activity is observed for the three-way catalyst. The latter is consid- ered to be linked to the incorporation of rhodium, a component that promotes the NOx reduction selectivity towards N2. Also, lean/rich cycling experiments were carried out to simulate the cycling conditions that passive-SCR after treatment systems depend upon. High activity is again seen over the Pd/Ce/Al2O3 cata- lyst during short periodic switches. For the three-way catalyst, longer periodic switches are required for the onset of ammonia formation due to the high oxygen storage capacity of this sample as compared to the other two. Hence, a future direction of investigation could be to develop materials with equivalent water- gas shift properties of ceria, but with reduced oxygen storage capacity so as to provide hydrogen for reaction without incurring a significant delay in ammonia formation.

Author

Emma Adams

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Magnus Skoglundh

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Per-Anders Carlsson

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Catalysis Communications

1566-7367 (ISSN)

Vol. 95 26-30

Competence Centre for Catalysis

Swedish Energy Agency, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Haldor Topsoe, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Volvo Cars, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Volvo Group, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Wärtsilä Finland, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Scania CV AB, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Chalmers, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

ECAPS AB, 2014-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

High efficient Otto engine with diluted combustion II

Swedish Energy Agency, 2015-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Transport

Energy

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Chemical Process Engineering

Materials Chemistry

DOI

10.1016/j.catcom.2017.03.001

More information

Latest update

10/28/2018