Rice straw hydrolysis using secretomes from novel fungal isolates from Vietnam
Journal article, 2017
With a production of 39 million metric tons each year, rice is one of the main agricultural products of Vietnam. Thus, rice straw is a significant by-product, whose use in a biorefinery process would contribute to the bio-based transformation of the Vietnamese and South East Asian economy. In order to find novel efficient enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis of rice straw and other agricultural residues, we took advantage of the rapidly evolving biodiversity of Vietnam and screened 1100 new fungal isolates from soil and decaying plant tissues for their CMCase activity. We selected 36 strains and evaluated them for their cellulases, xylanases, and accessory enzymes activities. Most of these isolates belonged to the genera Aspergillus and Trichoderma. We identified a few promising isolates, such as A. brunneoviolaceus FEC 156, A. niger FEC 130 and FEC 705, and A. tubingensis FEC 98, FEC 110 and FEC 644, whose produced enzyme mixtures released a mass fraction of the sugar content of alkali-treated rice straw higher than 20%, compared to 10% for Trichoderma reesei RUT C-30. We verified that the black Aspergilli are particularly efficient in their saccharification ability. We also identified strains that although they produced low amounts of cellulases and xylanases, their enzyme mixtures had high saccharification efficiencies, indicating the importance of the synergy effect, rather than the amount of enzymes available. Our results highlight the intra-species variation, especially in the Trichoderma genus, regarding the biomass degradation characteristics and the associated range of enzymatic activities.
Biomass degrading capability