Effect of coating density on oxidation resistance and Cr vaporization from solid oxide fuel cell interconnects
Journal article, 2017

Manganese cobalt spinel oxides are promising materials for protective coatings for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnects. To achieve high density such coatings are often sintered in a two-step procedure, involving heat treatment first in reducing and then in oxidizing atmospheres. Sintering the coating inside the SOFC stack during heating would reduce production costs, but may result in a lower coating density. The importance of coating density is here assessed by characterization of the oxidation kinetics and Cr evaporation of Crofer 22 APU with MnCo1.7Fe0.3O4 spinel coatings of different density. The coating density is shown to have minor influence on the long-term oxidation behavior in air at 800 °C, evaluated over 5000 h. Sintering the spinel coating in air at 900 °C, equivalent to an in-situ heat treatment, leads to an 88% reduction of the Cr evaporation rate of Crofer 22 APU in air-3% H2O at 800 °C. The air sintered spinel coating is initially highly porous, however, densifies with time in interaction with the alloy. A two-step reduction and re-oxidation heat treatment results in a denser coating, which reduces Cr evaporation by 97%.

Ceramic coating

High temperature oxidation

Chromium evaporation

Metallic interconnect

Manganese cobalt spinel

Solid oxide fuel cell


Belma Talic

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Hannes Falk Windisch

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material

Vinothini Venkatachalam

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Peter Vang Hendriksen

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Kjell Wiik

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Hilde Lea Lein

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Journal of Power Sources

0378-7753 (ISSN)

Vol. 354 57-67

Subject Categories

Materials Engineering

Chemical Sciences



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