All-dielectric nanophotonics: the quest for better materials and fabrication techniques
Journal article, 2017
All-dielectric nanophotonics is an exciting and rapidly developing area of nano-optics that utilizes the resonant behavior of high-index low-loss dielectric nanoparticles to enhance light-matter interaction at the nanoscale. When experimental implementation of a specific all-dielectric nanostructure is desired, two crucial factors have to be considered: the choice of a high-index material and a fabrication method. The degree to which various effects can be enhanced relies on the dielectric response of the chosen material as well as the fabrication accuracy. Here, we provide an overview of available high-index materials and existing fabrication techniques for the realization of all-dielectric nanostructures. We compare performance of the chosen materials in the visible and IR spectral ranges in terms of scattering efficiencies and Q factors of the magnetic Mie resonance. Methods for all-dielectric nanostructure fabrication are discussed and their advantages and disadvantages are highlighted. We also present an outlook for the search for better materials with higher refractive indices and novel fabrication methods that will enable low-cost manufacturing of optically resonant high-index nanoparticles. We believe that this information will be valuable across the field of nanophotonics and particularly for the design of resonant all-dielectric nanostructures.