Development of fine-mesh methodologies for coupled calculations in Light Water Reactors
Doctoral thesis, 2017

This thesis presents fine-mesh multiphysics methodologies and algorithms for numerical predictions of the behavior of Light Water Reactor (LWR) cores. The multiphysics aspects cover the distribution of neutrons, the fluid flow of the coolant and the conjugate heat transfer between the solid fuel pins and the fluid coolant. The proposed schemes are aimed at fine-mesh coupled effects, directly resolving the interdependencies of the different fields on the finest scales of the computations. The solver is developed for both steady-state and transient LWR scenarios. For the steady-state simulations, the neutronics is solved both by the lower order, diffusion equation and the higher order, discrete ordinate transport method, and for transient cases by the former. The thermal-hydraulic solver is based on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. The implementation utilizes a finite volume method (FVM) computational framework, and to achieve feasible computational times, high performance computing (HPC) aspects such as parallelization by domain decomposition are considered. The implemented tool is applied to cases of parts of a fuel assembly, analyzing systems of up to 15x15 fuel pins and succesfully resolving sub-pin resolution of all fields. Furthermore, the transient fine-mesh neutronic solver is verified based on a novel scheme utilizing the system response to a local perturbation. In addition, the multiphase flow problem encountered in Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) is studied. First, the transport of bubbles under subcooled boiling conditions is simulated based on a population balance approach. The novel formulation is shown to increase the computational efficiency and to capture a large range of bubbles sizes with few degrees of freedom. Second, the typical Eulerian-Eulerian approach for two-phase flow is studied from a stability and dynamics perspective. The latter investigations highlight the complexity of the two-fluid formulation and indicate the spontaneous emergence of meso-scale void structures under adiabatic conditions.

CFD

Coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics

nuclear reactor multiphysics

multiphase flow

PJ-salen, Fysik
Opponent: Dr Bojan Niceno, Paul Scherrer Institute, Schweiz

Author

Klas Jareteg

Chalmers, Physics, Subatomic and Plasma Physics

A numerical framework for bubble transport in a subcooled fluid flow

Journal of Computational Physics,; Vol. 345(2017)p. 373-403

Journal article

Influence of an SN solver in a fine-mesh neutronics/thermal- hydraulics framework

PHYSOR 2014: The Role of Reactor Physics toward a Sustainable Future,; (2014)

Paper in proceedings

Development and test of a new verification scheme for transient core simulators

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society,; Vol. 116(2017)p. 1025-1026

Paper in proceedings

Development of a point-kinetic verification scheme for nuclear reactor applications

Journal of Computational Physics,; Vol. 339(2017)p. 396-411

Journal article

On the dynamics of instabilities in two-fluid models for bubbly flows

Chemical Engineering Sciences,; Vol. 170(2017)p. 184-194

Journal article

Behaviour and stability of the two-fluid model for fine-scale simulations of bubbly flow in nuclear reactors

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering,; Vol. 13(2015)p. 449-459

Journal article

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Energy

Infrastructure

C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Subject Categories

Other Physics Topics

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

ISBN

978-91-7597-626-6

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4307

Publisher

Chalmers University of Technology

PJ-salen, Fysik

Opponent: Dr Bojan Niceno, Paul Scherrer Institute, Schweiz

More information

Latest update

10/19/2018