Dividing splittable goods evenly and with limited fragmentation
Paper in proceedings, 2017
A splittable good provided in n pieces shall be divided as evenly as possible among m agents, where every agent can take shares of at most F pieces. We call F the fragmentation. For F=1 we can solve the max-min and min-max problems in linear time. The case F=2 has neat formulations and structural characterizations in terms of weighted graphs. Here we focus on perfectly balanced solutions. While the problem is strongly NP-hard in general, it can be solved in linear time if m>n-2, and a solution always exists in this case. Moreover, case F=2 is fixed-parameter tractable in the parameter 2m-n. The results also give rise to various open problems.