Organic modification of montmorillonite for application in plasticized PVC nanocomposites
Journal article, 2015
A new type of organic compound for modifying clay minerals suitable for use in plasticized polyvinyl chloride was selected and studied. The theory of Hansen solubility parameters was used to predict the miscibility between potential organomodifiers and polyvinyl chloride. In a series of systematic experiments using four very different solvents (i.e., water, ethanol, tetrahydrofuran and chloroform) and three different types of Mt (i.e., Mt-Na + , Mt-PGV and Mt-Ca ++ ), the importance of various parameters to the process of clay mineral intercalation was investigated. The effects of each combination were evaluated employing wide-angle X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry. The results of swelling experiments on clay mineral in various solvents correlated well with the results of a theoretical preliminary study using Hansen solubility parameters. The extent of swelling followed the order H 2 O > EtOH > THF > chloroform. The d-spacing seemed to be little affected by the type of solvent used in the modification, while the type of Mt used was important to the intercalation results. Organomodification of Mt-Na + increased the d-spacing by nearly 0.7nm when tributyl citrate was used as a chelating agent. Similar modification of Mt-Ca ++ showed an increase of 0.3nm only. Furthermore, thermogravimetry and DTG curves showed significant structural differences between Mt-Na + and Mt-Ca ++ .
Plasticized polyvinyl chloride
Hansen solubility parameter