Modeling and Analyzing the Cross-tier Handover in Heterogeneous Networks
Journal article, 2017
IEEE Denser deployments of heterogeneous networks (HetNets) lead to more frequent handovers, which results in a decline of user experience as well as heavy signaling overheads to the network. Therefore, the study on handover is of great importance especially in dense HetNets. In this paper, we focus on the analysis of cross-tier handover from the macro cell tier to the small cell tier, which shows the highest handover failure rate in current standards and industry studies. Using the stochastic geometry, we propose an analytical model for the cross-tier handover processes in the HetNet. Based on the derived analytical model, the closed-form expressions for the key handover performance metrics, including the handover rate, handover failure rate and ping-pong rate, are deduced as functions of the base station density, time to trigger and user mobility. Simulation results verify the accuracy of the proposed analytical model and closed-form theoretical analyses, which provide guidance for the deployments of HetNets and corresponding handover strategies.