On the prediction of plastic instability in metal sheets
Paper in proceedings, 2007
The current report presents some results from a study on the prediction of necking failure in ductile metal sheets. In particular methods for creating Forming Limit Curves (FLCs) are discussed in the present report. Three groups of methods are treated: Experimental methods, Theoretical/analytical methods, and the Finite Element Method (FEM). The various methods are applied to two different materials: An aluminum alloy and a high strength steel. These materials do both exhibit a distinct necking behavior before fracture, and they do both exhibit only a small strain rate dependence. As can be expected, the resulting FLCs from the various experimental, theoretical, and numerical methods show a substantial scatter. The reasons for these deviating results are analyzed, and some conclusions are drawn regarding the applicability of the different methods.
Forming Limit Curve