Does the conductivity of interconnect coatings matter for solid oxide fuel cell applications?
Journal article, 2018
The present work aims to quantify the influence of typical interconnect coatings used for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) on area specific resistance (ASR). To quantify the effect of the coating, the dependency of coating thickness on the ASR is examined on Crofer 22 APU at 600 °C. Three different Co coating thicknesses are investigated, 600 nm, 1500 nm, and 3000 nm. Except for the reference samples, the material is pre-oxidized prior to coating to mitigate the outward diffusion of iron and consequent formation of poorly conducting (Co,Fe) 3 O 4 spinel. Exposures are carried out at 600 °C in stagnant laboratory air for 500 h and subsequent ASR measurements are performed. Additionally the microstructure is investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On all pre-oxidized samples, a homogenous dense Co 3 O 4 top layer is observed beneath which a thin layer of Cr 2 O 3 is present. As the ASR values range between 7 and 12 mΩcm 2 for all pre-oxidized samples, even though different Co 3 O 4 thicknesses are observed, the results strongly suggest that for most applicable cases the impact of the coating on ASR is negligible and the main contributor is Cr 2 O 3 .
Area specific resistance
Solid oxide fuel cell