An experimental study of fibre waviness and its effects on compressive properties of unidirectional NCF composites
Journal article, 2018

In this paper a comprehensive experimental study on effects of different fibre waviness characteristics on the compressive properties of unidirectional non-crimp fabrics (NCF) composites is presented. The fibre waviness ranges from periodic to random with medium to large misalignment angles. As expected, fibre waviness is found to strongly impair the compressive mechanical properties of the composite. It is demonstrated that the maximum fibre misalignment alone can be used to accurately predict strength with analytical kinking criteria. Furthermore, there is a direct correlation between waviness and a knock-down factor on stiffness with approximately 5%/degree mean fibre misalignment angle. Analysis of the extension of the misaligned regions (defects) provides additional evidence that defect extension in the transverse direction is more critical than in the longitudinal direction, supporting earlier theoretical predictions in the open literature.

A. Carbon fibres

D. Mechanical testing

D. Microstructural analysis

A. Fabrics/textiles


Dennis Wilhelmsson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Renaud Gutkin


Fredrik Edgren

GKN Aerospace Sweden

Leif Asp

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing

1359-835X (ISSN)

Vol. 107 665-674

Dimensioneringsmetodik för tryckbelastad NCF komposit (KOMPRESS II)

VINNOVA (2017-04867), 2017-11-10 -- 2019-12-31.

Subject Categories

Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology

Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials

Composite Science and Engineering



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