Radial penetration of cementitious grout - Laboratory verification of grout spread in a fracture model
Journal article, 2018
During the past two decades of research and development in the field of grouting in hard jointed rock, the design process has taken a number of significant leaps forward. A grouting design in hard rock can now be based on the penetration length of grout in individual rock fractures. For cementitious grouts, the most common rheological model used is the one for a Bingham fluid. The model is a conceptualisation of grout spread where two rheological properties of the grout viscosity and yield stress govern the penetration length along with the fracture aperture and applied grouting overpressure. This paper focuses on verification of radial Bingham flow of cementitious grout using a fracture model constructed from acrylic glass. Each test conducted using the fracture model was filmed, allowing the grout spread to be analysed as penetration length over time. The measured penetration lengths were then compared with analytical solutions derived for Bingham grout in a plane parallel fracture. The results indicate that the penetration of cementitious grout in fracture apertures of 125 gm and 200 gm is verified for up to 40% of the maximum possible penetration length. This can be compared to normal grouting, where the penetration lengths achieved are around 20% of the maximum penetration length.