Dual-Fuel Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Engine
Doctoral thesis, 2018
The effect of the CNG/methane supplement ratio on engine performance and emissions was explored at two different load points. The results indicated improved performance and emissions at intermediate load more than at low load. In addition, a 3D dual-fuel combustion model developed at Chalmers was validated against experimental data generated during these studies. Reasonably good agreement was achieved between experiment and simulation for most aspects of engine performance, but there were some discrepancies regarding the onset of ignition delay and emissions.
The later parts of the thesis deal with studies on a low temperature combustion concept, Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI), using two alternative fuels: CNG and methanol. Engine performance and emissions were studied for both CNG-Diesel and methanol-Diesel RCCI combustion. Experiments on CNG-Diesel RCCI combustion were performed to explore the effcts of different engine parameters on engine performance and emissions, revealing that high indicated thermal efficiencies (over 50%) could be achieved. However, this combustion strategy presented difficulties when operating at high load and high compression ratios due to the peak incylinder pressure limitation. Another CNG-Diesel RCCI combustion study was therefore conducted, focused on extending the operational load range for this combustion strategy and improving combustion phasing by using late inlet valve closing (IVC). This approach increased the maximum load for CNG-Diesel RCCI combustion by 40% compared to the first CNG-Diesel RCCI study. Finally, experiments on methanol-Diesel RCCI combustion showed that port injection of methanol offered better performance than direct injection of methanol during either the intake stroke or the compression stroke in terms of net indicated thermal efficiency and emissions of HC and CO.
Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Combustion
Effects of Natural Gas Percentage on Performance and Emissions of a Natural Gas/Diesel Dual-Fuel Engine
ICSAT 2014 conference proceeding,; (2014)
Paper in proceedings
The Validation of a Dual-Fuel Combustion Model for Heavy Duty Diesel Engines
FISITA 2014 World Automotive Congress, 2-6 June, Maastricht, the Netherlands,; (2014)
Experimental Investigation of Natural Gas-Diesel Dual-Fuel RCCI in a Heavy-Duty Engine
SAE International Journal of Engines,; Vol. 8(2015)p. 797-
Effect of late inlet valve closing on NG-Diesel RCCI combustion in a heavy duty engine
9th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanved Engine Systems, COMODIA 2017, Okayama, Japan, 25-28 July 2017,; (2017)
Paper in proceedings
Zhiqin Jia, Ingemar Denbratt, "Experimental Investigation into the Combustion Characteristics of a Methanol-Diesel Heavy Duty Engine Operated in RCCI mode"
Other Mechanical Engineering
Other Chemical Engineering
Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4377
Chalmers University of Technology
HA3, Hörsalsvägen 4, Chalmers
Opponent: Dr. Bianca Maria Vaglieco, Istituto Motori, Italy