Fractional partial differential equations with boundary conditions
Journal article, 2018
We identify the stochastic processes associated with one-sided fractional partial differential equations on a bounded domain with various boundary conditions. This is essential for modelling using spatial fractional derivatives. We show well-posedness of the associated Cauchy problems in C 0 (Ω) and L 1 (Ω). In order to do so we develop a new method of embedding finite state Markov processes into Feller processes on bounded domains and then show convergence of the respective Feller processes. This also gives a numerical approximation of the solution. The proof of well-posedness closes a gap in many numerical algorithm articles approximating solutions to fractional differential equations that use the Lax–Richtmyer Equivalence Theorem to prove convergence without checking well-posedness.