TMP properties and refining conditions in a CD82 chip refiner. Part I: Step changes of process variables, description of the tests
Journal article, 2018

The study explores how changes in process variables, residence time and pulp consistency in refining influence the pulp properties. The equipment utilized in this study was a conical disc chip refiner (RGP82CD) producing thermomechanical pulp (TMP). The focus was on the ratio between tensile index and specific energy consumption. Pulp properties were measured for composite pulp samples taken from the refiner blow line. Residence times and pulp consistencies were estimated by use of the extended entropy model. This showed that the CD-refiner, with the flat and conical refining zone, has a process performance similar to that of a two-stage refiner set-up, and that the consistency in both refining zones is of high importance. Comparing different periods revealed that even if the values of measured blow line consistency are similar, significant differences in the estimated consistency in the flat zone can prevail. Therefore, only monitoring blow line consistency is not enough. Specifically, it was found that the pulp consistency after the flat zone could be very high, considerably higher than in the blow line, and this could have negative effects on tensile index and fibre length.

pulp properties

fibre properties

entropy model


residence time

conical disc refiner


temperature profile

pulp consistency


R. Ferritsius

Stora Enso AB

Mid Sweden University

O. Ferritsius

Mid Sweden University

J. Hill

QualTech AB

Anders Karlström

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering

K. Eriksson

CIT Industriell Energi AB

Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

0283-2631 (ISSN)

Vol. 33 1 69-81

Subject Categories

Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology

Other Chemical Engineering

Probability Theory and Statistics



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