Proton irradiation induced defects in T92 steels: An investigation by TEM and positron annihilation spectroscopy
Journal article, 2019
In order to investigate proton irradiation damage on ferritic/martensitic T92 steels, both the unaged and aged (650 °C for 15,000 h) T92 steels were irradiated with 250 keV protons to 0.01, 0.05 and 0.20 dpa at room temperature due to the lower dose rate of protons compared with heavy-ions. The microstructural evolution induced by thermal aging and proton irradiation was studied by transmission electron microscopy and positron annihilation spectroscopy, and the corresponding micromechanical property changes were investigated by nano-indentation. After 0.20 dpa proton irradiation, the dominant irradiation-induced dislocation loops were a0100 type loops for both the unaged and aged samples. The dislocation-type defects in the aged T92 sample were larger in size and higher in number density, compared with those in the unaged samples. Less vacancy-type defects induced by protons were detected in the aged than the unaged T92 samples under the same irradiation conditions. The higher number density of dislocation-type defects led to more severe irradiation hardening in the aged T92 samples.
Positron annihilation spectroscopy