Nonlinearity Mitigation in WDM Systems: Models, Strategies, and Achievable Rates
Journal article, 2019
After reviewing models and mitigation strategies for interchannel nonlinear interference (NLI), we study its characteristics and coherence properties. Based on this study, we devise an NLI mitigation strategy, which exploits the synergic effect of phase and polarization noise (PPN) compensation and subcarrier multiplexing with symbol-rate optimization. This synergy persists even for high-order modulation alphabets and Gaussian symbols. A particle method for the computation of the resulting achievable information rate and spectral efficiency (SE) is presented and employed to lower-bound the channel capacity. The dependence of the SE on the link length, amplifier spacing, and presence or absence of in-line dispersion compensation is studied. Single-polarization and dual-polarization scenarios with either independent or joint processing of the two polarizations are considered. Numerical results show that, in links with ideal distributed amplification, an SE gain of about 1 bit/s/Hz/polarization can be obtained (or, in alternative, the system reach can be doubled at a given SE) with respect to single-carrier systems without PPN mitigation. The gain is lower with lumped amplification, increases with the number of spans, decreases with the span length, and is further reduced by in-line dispersion compensation. For instance, considering a dispersion-unmanaged link with lumped amplification and an amplifier spacing of 60 km, the SE after 80 spans can be be increased from 4.5 to 4.8 bit/s/Hz/polarization, or the reach raised up to 100 spans (+25%) for a fixed SE.
optical fiber communication
Achievable information rate
hidden Markov models