Multivalent rechargeable batteries
Review article, 2019

Rechargeable battery technologies based on the use of metal anodes coupled to multivalent charge carrier ions (such as Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ or Al 3+ ) have the potential to deliver breakthroughs in energy density radically leap-frogging the current state-of-the-art Li-ion battery technology. However, both the use of metal anodes and the migration of multivalent ions, within the electrolyte and the electrodes, are technological bottlenecks which make these technologies, all at different degrees of maturity, not yet ready for practical applications. Moreover, the know-how gained during the many years of development of the Li-ion battery is not always transferable. This perspective paper reviews the current status of these multivalent battery technologies, describing issues and discussing possible routes to overcome them. Finally, a brief section about future perspectives is given.

Calcium batteries

Aluminium batteries

Magnesium batteries

Author

A. Ponrouch

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

Institute of Material Science of Barcelona (ICMAB)

J. Bitenc

National Institute of Chemistry Ljubljana

R. Dominko

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

University of Ljubljana

National Institute of Chemistry Ljubljana

Niklas Lindahl

Chalmers, Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

Patrik Johansson

Chalmers, Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

M. R. Palacin

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

Institute of Material Science of Barcelona (ICMAB)

Energy Storage Materials

2405-8297 (eISSN)

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Materials Chemistry

Other Chemical Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.ensm.2019.04.012

More information

Latest update

5/28/2019