Considerations when Modelling EV Battery Circularity Systems
Journal article, 2019

The electric vehicle market is expected to grow substantially in the coming years, which puts new requirements on the end-of-life phase and on the recycling systems. To a larger extent, the environmental footprint from these vehicles is related to raw material extraction and production, and, consequently, a material- and energy-efficient 3R system (reuse, remanufacturing, recycling) is urgently needed. The ability to understand and model the design and development of such a system therefore becomes important. This study contributes to this by identifying factors that affect 3R system design and performance, relating these factors to the various actors and processes of the system and categorising them according to time from implementation to impact. The above is achieved by applying a PEST analysis (political, economic, social and technological factors), differentiating between political, economic, social and technological factors. Data were gathered from literature, by interviews and by a number of workshops in the automotive industry and the 3R system and observations at meetings, etc. The study confirms some previous results on how vehicle battery 3R systems work and adds knowledge about the influencing factors, especially the timeframes and dynamics of the system, necessary for modelling the system and the influencing factors. For practitioners, the results indicate how to use appropriate models and which factors are most relevant to them.

circular economy

recycling

reuse

modelling

second life

remanufacturing

electric vehicle batteries

Author

Martin Kurdve

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Supply and Operations Management

Mats Zackrisson

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Mats Johansson

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Supply and Operations Management

Burcak Ebin

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Nuclear Chemistry

Ulrika Harlin

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Batteries

2313-0105 (ISSN)

Vol. 5 2 40

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Other Environmental Engineering

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Transport

DOI

10.3390/batteries5020040

More information

Latest update

9/27/2019