Perspectives on Computational Catalysis for Metal Nanoparticles
Review article, 2019

Understanding reaction kinetics over metal-nanoparticles is central in technical catalyst design. In this Perspective, we compare computational methods to analyze and model reaction kinetics on metal nanoparticles. We discuss energy-barrier and Sabatier analysis, mean-field microkinetic modeling, and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. By explicit simulations, we show that reactions on metal-nanoparticles are characterized by long-range kinetic couplings, which requires methods that consider coupled site-assemblies. In light of these observations, extended model surfaces may not capture the complexity of nanoparticle-kinetics, and arguments about catalytic performance relying on single energy barriers may be insufficient.

Acetylene hydrogenation

Single atom alloy

Microkinetic modeling

Density functional theory

Nanoparticle catalysis

Kinetic Monte Carlo

Author

Mikkel Jørgensen

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Henrik Grönbeck

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

ACS Catalysis

2155-5435 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 10 8872-8881

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Theoretical Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

DOI

10.1021/acscatal.9b02228

More information

Latest update

11/22/2019