Influence of Iron Salt Anions on Formation and Oxygen Reduction Activity of Fe/N-Doped Mesoporous Carbon Fuel Cell Catalysts
Journal article, 2019

Doping carbon materials with transition metal ions can greatly expand their utility, given these metal ions' unique catalytic activity, for example, in oxygen reduction in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Unlike main group dopants, a counter anion to the metal cation must be selected and this choice has hitherto received little attention for this synthesis method. Herein, we describe the profound effects that the anion has on the resultant iron/nitrogen-doped ordered mesoporous carbons (Fe-OMC). To increase the iron loading and the number of iron-centered catalytically active sites, we selected three iron salts Fe(OAc)2, Fe(OTf)2, and Fe(BF4)2·6H2O, which show greatly enhanced solubility in the liquid carbon precursor (furfurylamine) compared to FeCl3·6H2O. The increased solubility leads to a significantly higher iron loading in the Fe-OMC prepared with Fe(OTf)2, but the increase in performance as cathode catalysts in fuel cells is only marginal. The Fe-OMCs prepared with Fe(OAc)2 and Fe(BF4)2·6H2O exhibited similar or lower iron loadings compared to the Fe-OMC prepared with FeCl3·6H2O despite their much higher solubilities. Most importantly, the different iron salts affect not only the final iron loading, but also which type of iron species forms in the Fe-OMC with different types showing different catalytic activity.

Author

Samuel Joseph Fretz

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Caroline Janson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Walter Rosas Arbelaez

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

Anders Palmqvist

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Applied Surface Chemistry

ACS Omega

24701343 (eISSN)

Vol. 4 18 17662-17671

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Materials Chemistry

Other Chemical Engineering

DOI

10.1021/acsomega.9b01803

More information

Latest update

2/9/2021 6