A Novel Li+-Nafion-Sulfonated Graphene Oxide Membrane as Single Lithium-Ion Conducting Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries
Journal article, 2019
Single lithium-ion conducting polymer electrolytes are an innovative concept of solid-state polymer electrolytes (SPEs) for lithium-battery technology. In this work, a lithiated Nafion nanocomposite incorporating sulfonated graphene oxide (sGO-Li+), as well as a filler-free membrane, have been synthesized and characterized. Ionic conductivities and lithium transference number, evaluated by electrochemical techniques after membrane-swelling in organic aprotic solvents (ethylene carbonate-propylene carbonate mixture), display significant values, with sigma approximate to 5 x 10(-4) S cm(-1) at 25 degrees C and t(Li+) close to unity. The absence of solvent leaching on thermal cycles is also noteworthy. The description at molecular level of the lithium transport mechanism has been carefully tackled through a systematic study by Li-7 NMR spectroscopy (pulsed field gradient-PFG and relaxation times), while the mechanical properties of the film electrolytes have been evaluated by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) in a wide temperature range. The electrochemical performances of the graphene-based electrolyte in Li/Li symmetric cells and in secondary cells using LiFePO4 as positive electrode show good compatibility and functionality with the Li-metal anode by forming a stable interphase, as well as displaying promising performance in galvanostatic cells.