Detection of deuterated molecules, but not of lithium hydride, in the z=0.89 absorber toward PKS 1830-211
Journal article, 2020

Deuterium and lithium are light elements of high cosmological and astrophysical importance. In this work we report the first detection of deuterated molecules and a search for lithium hydride, (LiH)-Li-7, at redshift z=0.89 in the spiral galaxy intercepting the line of sight to the quasar PKS 1830-211. We used ALMA to observe several submillimeter lines of ND, NH2D, and HDO, and their related isotopomers NH2, NH3, and (H2O)-O-18 H 2 18 O , in absorption against the southwest image of the quasar, allowing us to derive XD/XH abundance ratios. The absorption spectra mainly consist of two distinct narrow velocity components for which we find remarkable differences. One velocity component shows XD/XH abundances that is about 10 times larger than the primordial elemental D/H ratio, and no variability of the absorption profile during the time span of our observations. In contrast, the other component shows a stronger deuterium fractionation. Compared to the first component, this second component has XD/XH abundances that are 100 times larger than the primordial D/H ratio, a deepening of the absorption by a factor of two within a few months, and a rich chemical composition, with relative enhancements of N2H+, CH3OH, SO2 and complex organic molecules. We therefore speculate that this component is associated with the analog of a Galactic dark cloud, while the first component is likely more diffuse. Our search for the (LiH)-Li-7 (1-0) line was unsuccessful and we derive an upper limit (LiH)-Li-7/H-2 = 4x10(-13) (3 sigma) in the z=0.89 absorber toward PKS 1830-211. Besides, with ALMA archival data, we could not confirm the previous tentative detections of this line in the z=0.68 absorber toward B 0218+357; we derive an upper limit (LiH)-Li-7/H-2 = 5x10(-11) (3 sigma), although this is less constraining than our limit toward PKS 1830-211. We conclude that, as in the Milky Way, only a tiny fraction of lithium nuclei are possibly bound in LiH in these absorbers at intermediate redshift.

quasars: absorption lines

galaxies: ISM

ISM: molecules

galaxies: abundances

radio lines: galaxies

quasars: individual: PKS 1830-211

Author

Sebastien Muller

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala Space Observatory, Observation Support

E. Roueff

Sorbonne University

John H Black

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Astronomy and Plasmaphysics, Galactic Astrophysics

M. Gerin

Sorbonne University

M. Guelin

Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM)

K. M. Menten

Max Planck Inst Radioaston

C. Henkel

King Abdulaziz University

Max Planck Inst Radioaston

Susanne Aalto

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Astronomy and Plasmaphysics

F. Combes

Sorbonne University

S. Martin

Atacama Large Millimeter-submillimeter Array (ALMA)

European Southern Observatory Santiago

I Marti-Vidal

Universitat de Valencia

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 637

Subject Categories

Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Geochemistry

DOI

10.1051/0004-6361/202037628

More information

Latest update

8/28/2020