Lipid Diversity in Cells and Tissue Using Imaging SIMS
Review article, 2020

Lipids are an important class of biomolecules with many roles within cells and tissue. As targets for study, they present several challenges. They are difficult to label, as many labels lack the specificity to the many different lipid species or the labels maybe larger than the lipids themselves, thus severely perturbing the natural chemical environment. Mass spectrometry provides exceptional specificity and is often used to examine lipid extracts from different samples. However, spatial information is lost during extraction. Of the different imaging mass spectrometry methods available, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is unique in its ability to analyze very small features, with probe sizes <50 nm available. It also offers high surface sensitivity and 3D imaging capability on a subcellular scale. This article reviews the current capabilities and some remaining challenges associated with imaging the diverse lipids present in cell and tissue samples. We show how the technique has moved beyond show-and-tell, proof-of-principle analysis and is now being used to address real biological challenges. These include imaging the microenvironment of cancer tumors, probing the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury, or tracking the lipid composition through bacterial membranes.

tissue

imaging

SIMS

lipids

secondary ion mass spectrometry

cells

Author

Sanna Sämfors

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Paul Gatenholm Group

University of Gothenburg

John Fletcher

University of Gothenburg

Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry

1936-1327 (ISSN) 1936-1335 (eISSN)

Vol. 13 249-271

Subject Categories

Analytical Chemistry

Other Basic Medicine

Other Medical Biotechnology

DOI

10.1146/annurev-anchem-091619-103512

PubMed

32212820

More information

Latest update

3/9/2021 4