Speciation of Cu and Zn in bottom ash from solid waste incineration studied by XAS, XRD, and geochemical modelling
Journal article, 2021

Millions of tons of bottom ash (BA) is generated from incineration of industrial and municipal solid waste each year within EU. The magnitude of leaching of metals like Cu and Zn is critical for hazard and risk assessment of these ashes. Although speciation of metals is a key factor to understand and predict metal leaching, speciation of Cu and Zn in BA is not well known. In this study six metal separated and carbonized BA were investigated by a combination of X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, leaching/extraction tests, and geochemical modelling. Five of the BA were from grate boilers and one from a fluidized bed incinerator. The aims were to identify similarities in Cu and Zn speciation and to identify main species. The combination of several techniques was necessary to draw conclusions about speciation and displayed coherent results. A similar speciation of Cu and Zn was indicated in the five studied grate boiler ashes although the proportions between species may vary. Copper(II) oxide and Cu metal were the main Cu species in all BA. Zinc(II) oxide and willemite (Zn2SiO4) were identified in grate boiler ashes. The fluidized bed ash contained Zn-Si-minerals and possibly franklinite or gahnite, while the Zn(II) oxide content was low, if any. The results have implications for classification and risk assessment of MIBA.

Speciation

EXAFS

Zinc

Copper

Leaching

Bottom ash

Author

Charlotta Tiberg

Swedish Geotechnical Institute (SGI)

Carin Sjöstedt

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)

Karin Karlfeldt Fedje

Renova

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Water Environment Technology

Waste Management

0956-053X (ISSN)

Vol. 119 389-398

Subject Categories

Other Chemistry Topics

Bioenergy

Geochemistry

DOI

10.1016/j.wasman.2020.10.023

PubMed

33172740

More information

Latest update

1/5/2021 2