To Every Rule There is an Exception: A Rational Extension of Loewenstein's Rule
Journal article, 2021

Loewenstein's rule, which states that Al−O−Al motifs are energetically unstable, is fundamental to the understanding and design of zeolites. Here, using a combination of electronic structure calculations and lattice models, we show under which circumstances this rule becomes invalid and how it can be rationally extended using the chabasite framework for demonstration.


Loewenstein rule


Al distribution


Magnus Fant

Student at Chalmers

Mattias Ångqvist

Chalmers, Physics, Materials and Surface Theory

Anders Hellman

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Paul Erhart

Chalmers, Physics, Condensed Matter and Materials Theory

Angewandte Chemie - International Edition

1433-7851 (ISSN) 1521-3773 (eISSN)

Vol. 60 10 5132-5135

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Subject Categories


Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Other Physics Topics

Condensed Matter Physics





Related datasets

Data and code for "To every rule there is an exception: A rational extension of Loewenstein's rule" [dataset]

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4287250

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