A comparison of two ship performance models against full-scale measurements on a cargo ship on the Northern Sea Route
Journal article, 2021

The present paper introduces the development and verification of two ship performance models which have been implemented in a voyage planning tool designed for summer Arctic operations of commercial vessels. A novel ice resistance estimation algorithm for ice-floe conditions is implemented in the ship performance models. The fuel consumption predicted using both of the models are compared against full-scale measurements collected on a cargo ship of lower ice-class on the Northern Sea Route. This work found that both models meet the purpose of estimating ship fuel consumption for such a voyage planning tool and identified directions for future efforts. In addition, the typical transit scenarios in summer Arctic conditions presented in this study prove that a voyage planning tool with viable ship performance models facilitates Arctic shipping in a safe and sustainable way.

voyage planning

Arctic shipping

ice resistance

full-scale measurement

ship performance model


Zhiyuan Li

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Marine Technology

Christopher Ryan

University College London (UCL)

Luofeng Huang

University College London (UCL)

Li Ding

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Marine Technology

Jonas Ringsberg

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Marine Technology

Giles Thomas

University College London (UCL)

Ships and Offshore Structures

1744-5302 (ISSN) 1754-212X (eISSN)

Vol. 16 sup 1 237-244

SEDNA - Safe maritime operations under extreme conditions: the Arctic case

European Commission (EC) (EC/H2020/723526), 2017-06-01 -- 2020-04-30.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Subject Categories

Materials Engineering

Applied Mechanics

Vehicle Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

Areas of Advance



Materials Science


Basic sciences



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3/2/2022 1