Synergistic technology combinations for future commercial aircraft using liquid hydrogen
Journal article, 2021

Liquid hydrogen (LH2) has long been seen as a technically feasible fuel for a fully sustainable greener aviation future. The low density of the cryogenic fuel would dictate the redesign of commercial aircraft to accommodate the large tanks, which are unlikely to be integrated within the whole internal volume of the wing. In the ENABLEH2 project, the morphological aspects of a LH2 aircraft design are discussed and a methodology for rapid concept comparative assessment is proposed. An exercise is then carried on to down-select short-to-medium range (SMR) and long-range (LR) concepts, able to carry 200 passengers for 3000 nmi and 414 passengers for 7500 nmi, respectively. The downselection process was split into two phases with the first considering 31 potential airframe architectures and 21 propulsion-system arrangements. The second phase made the final down-selections from a short-list of nine integrated design concepts that were ranked according to 34 criteria, relating to operating cost, revenue, noise, and safety. Upon completion of the process, a tube and wing design with the tanks integrated into extended wing roots, and a blended-wing-body design were selected as the best candidates for the SMR and LR applications, respectively. Both concepts feature distributed propulsion to maximize synergies from integrating the airframe and propulsion systems.

Author

Pavlos Rompokos

Cranfield University

Andrew Rolt

Cranfield University

Devaiah Nalianda

Cranfield University

Askin T. Isikveren

Safran

Capucine Senné

Safran

Tomas Grönstedt

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Hamidreza Abedi

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power

0742-4795 (ISSN) 1528-8919 (eISSN)

Vol. 143 7 071017

Enabling cryogenic hydrogen-based CO2-free air transport (ENABLEH2)

European Commission (EC) (EC/H2020/769241), 2018-09-01 -- 2021-08-31.

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Other Mechanical Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

DOI

10.1115/1.4049694

More information

Latest update

6/24/2021