Fluid dynamic regimes in circulating fluidized bed boilers—A mini-review
Journal article, 2022

The fluid dynamics in the furnaces of large-scale circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers are surprisingly little known in contrast to the many laboratory studies made on conditions related to chemical reactors. Two areas are surveyed in the present work: the bottom bed and the upper dilute zone of a furnace. The bottom bed is considered bubbling, but the general opinion is that either it does not exist, or it is turbulent. The flow in the upper furnace is dilute phase transport, judging from regime maps, showing that the state of the flow is outside of the range of fast fluidization. However, this is also not generally accepted. Usually, the regime of fluidization in CFB boilers is said to be fast fluidization. In one work it is considered fast fluidization even though the authors agree that it is different from the general definition. In another investigation it is called entrained flow. Here, the conclusion is that the diversity of opinions should be resolved by further investigations with the aim of defining the conditions for the fluidized flow in furnaces, including the influence of particle size and density, fluidization velocity, gas properties, and effects from the furnace dimensions, if any.

Circulating fluidized bed

Fast fluidization

Fluidization regime

Fluidized bed boiler

Turbulent fluidization


Bo G Leckner

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Chemical Engineering Science

0009-2509 (ISSN)

Vol. 247 117089

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Ocean and River Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics



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