Numerical model of the effect of water vapor environment on the chloride transport in concrete
Journal article, 2021

Chloride ions are known as one of the most crucial factors for rebar corrosion in reinforced concrete (RC) structures exposed to marine environments under drying-wetting cycles. In this condition, the chloride ion content in unsaturated concrete will change under the coupled effect of diffusion and capillary suction. This study simulates the atmosphere zone of the marine environment to explore the law of the chloride transmission behavior under the context of constant temperature and humidity. To analyze the effect of different drying-wetting ratios on the chloride ion profile in the concrete by conducting the dry-wet cycle tests. It is found that the most unfavorable drying-wetting ratios for RC structures in this study is 1:5.5. A finite element numerical model of chloride ion transmission based on Fick's Ⅱ law was established by COMSOL Multiphysics. It can be used to predict the range of concrete surface chloride ion concentration, and dynamic change of the distribution of chloride ion concentration inside the RC structures under different drying-wetting cycles over time. The comparison of experiment data and simulation results verify that the chloride diffusion prediction model has a good correlation.


Chloride transportation

Water vapor transportation

Drying-wetting cycles

Numerical model


Jun Liu

Shenzhen University

Chenyue Liao

Shenzhen University

Hesong Jin

Shenzhen University

Zhi Lu Jiang

Shenzhen University

Daojun Zhong

Shenzhen University

Luping Tang

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

Construction and Building Materials

0950-0618 (ISSN)

Vol. 311 125330

Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics


Other Materials Engineering



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