Analytical and numerical modeling of voids in additively manufactured thermoplastic parts
Journal article, 2021

Additively manufactured parts of thermoplastic materials using the Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) technique express transversely isotropic characteristics. Those characteristics are related to the FFF technique which leads to the formation of particular bonds and voids between printed filaments, both of which are investigated in this study. Tensile testing of printed Nylon samples reveals that the transverse isotropy can be possibly caused solely by the bond formation. Micro-CT images aid the visualization of long, convex and concave voids extending parallelly to the printing direction. Finally, novel analytical techniques are presented for the accurate modeling of the void geometry considering both concave and convex shapes and illustrate a very good agreement with Finite Element models.

Void modeling

Fused Filament Fabrication

convex voids


3D-printed polymers



E. Polyzos

SIM vzw

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

S. B. Ravindranath

Student at Chalmers

D. Van Hemelrijck

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

L. Pyl

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

Additive Manufacturing

2214-8604 (eISSN)

Vol. 48 102356

Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

Composite Science and Engineering



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